Stonemasons cut and prepare stone to build or repair stone structures. These may include homes, historical buildings, monuments, headstones and statues. Stonemasons may also use a range of other natural materials, such as granite and quartz.

Average salary*

£19000 – £35000+

Typical hours per week


How to become a stonemason

There are several routes to becoming a stonemason. You could do a college course, an apprenticeship or on the job training.

You should explore these routes to find out which is the right one for you. Although some of these options have certain qualification requirements, many employers are more interested in people who are enthusiastic, willing to learn and can follow instructions.

You may need a Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS) card to work on a construction site.

College/training provider

You could complete a college course to learn some basic skills and help you to get a job as a trainee in a construction company. You could start with a Level 1 Certificate in Construction Skills or a Level 2 Diploma in Stonemasonry.

You’ll need:

  • 1 or 2 GCSEs at grades 3 to 1 (D to G), or equivalent (Level 1 course)
  • 2 or more GCSEs at grades 9 to 3 (A* to D), or equivalent (Level 2 course).

> Equivalent entry requirements explained

> Find a course near you

> Funding advice


If you are aged between 16 and 24 you may be eligible for a traineeship. This is a short course (2 weeks – 6 months) which helps you to gain work experience in your chosen role.


An apprenticeship is a good way into the industry.

Apprenticeships are open to anyone over the age of 16. As an apprentice, you will be fully employed by your company and expected to work a minimum of 30 hours a week. Your time will be split between on-the-job experience and a college or training provider.

You could begin your career as an apprentice stonemason, or you could start as a bricklayer and then specialise in stonemasonry.

An advanced apprenticeship in stonemasonry heritage skills takes around 30 months to complete.

You’ll need:

  • 5 GCSEs (including English and maths) at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent (advanced apprenticeship)

> Find an apprenticeship near you


If you have some experience as a bricklayer you may be able to find work assisting a stonemason, and then do on-the-job training to gain a qualification in stonemasonry.

Work experience

Work experience is essential to gaining employment within the construction industry. You could gain this at school, or by working weekends and holidays with a company or relative who works as a stonemason. Potential employers will always be pleased to see work experience listed on your CV.


Additional skills that may benefit anyone looking to become a stonemason include:

  • Knowledge of building and construction
  • Able to use your initiative
  • Persistence and determination
  • Excellent attention to detail.

What does a stonemason do?

As a stonemason you will be responsible for helping to repair or maintain structures, such as churches or houses. This can include cutting or carving a variety of types of stone, and you will usually have to ensure you preserve the look and feel of the building. 

The job role of a stonemason involves the following duties:

  • Repairing old buildings and monuments
  • Making and fitting stonework like window frames and archways
  • Dressing stone and building walls
  • Carving and repairing headstones and statues
  • Working with different materials including slate, sandstone, limestone, marble and granite
  • Interpreting technical drawings
  • Working with a range of hand tools
  • Collaborating with historians and conservationists
  • Thinking creatively and problem solving
  • Lifting and carrying heavy materials and equipment
  • Working indoors or outdoors, sometimes at height and in dusty environments.

How much could you earn as a stonemason?

The expected salary for a stonemason varies as you become more experienced.

  • Newly trained stonemasons can earn £19,000 – £25,000
  • Trained stonemasons with more experience can earn £25,000 – £35,000+
  • Senior stonemasons can earn higher salaries
  • Self-employed stonemasons set their own pay rates.*

Hours and salary depend on location, employer and any overtime you may do.

* Salaries have been collected from multiple industry sources

Find an apprenticeship/job


Apprenticeships in England

Apprenticeships in Scotland

Apprenticeships in Wales

You may need a Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS) Academically Qualified Person card to work on a construction site.


Check out the latest stonemason vacancies: 

As these are external websites, the number of vacancies related to your preferred job role may vary. New opportunities will be posted as they come up.

Career path and progression

When you have gained some experience, you could undertake a level 3 apprenticeship, which would incorporate a diploma and NVQ qualifications.

You could also do further training and specialise in heritage and conservation stonemasonry, or move into a related area such as estimating or construction management.

Alternatively, you could progress into a supervisory role and earn a higher salary.

You could also set up your own business or train others in stonemasonry or bricklaying.